images

Modified: 18 Aug 2017 22:57 UTC
Stability: Unknown

Usage: docker images [OPTIONS] [REPOSITORY]

List images

  -a, --all=false      Show all images (default hides intermediate images)
  --digests=false      Show digests
  -f, --filter=[]      Filter output based on conditions provided
  --format             Pretty-print images using a Go template
  --help=false         Print usage
  --no-trunc=false     Don't truncate output
  -q, --quiet=false    Only show numeric IDs

The default docker images will show all top level images, their repository and tags, and their virtual size.

Docker images have intermediate layers that increase reusability, decrease disk usage, and speed up docker build by allowing each step to be cached. These intermediate layers are not shown by default.

The VIRTUAL SIZE is the cumulative space taken up by the image and all its parent images. This is also the disk space used by the contents of the Tar file created when you docker save an image.

An image will be listed more than once if it has multiple repository names or tags. This single image (identifiable by its matching IMAGE ID) uses up the VIRTUAL SIZE listed only once.

Examples

Listing the most recently created images

$ docker images | head
REPOSITORY                TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             VIRTUAL SIZE
<none>                    <none>              77af4d6b9913        19 hours ago        1.089 GB
committ                   latest              b6fa739cedf5        19 hours ago        1.089 GB
<none>                    <none>              78a85c484f71        19 hours ago        1.089 GB
docker                    latest              30557a29d5ab        20 hours ago        1.089 GB
<none>                    <none>              5ed6274db6ce        24 hours ago        1.089 GB
postgres                  9                   746b819f315e        4 days ago          213.4 MB
postgres                  9.3                 746b819f315e        4 days ago          213.4 MB
postgres                  9.3.5               746b819f315e        4 days ago          213.4 MB
postgres                  latest              746b819f315e        4 days ago          213.4 MB

Listing the full length image IDs

$ docker images --no-trunc | head
REPOSITORY                    TAG                 IMAGE ID                                                           CREATED             VIRTUAL SIZE
<none>                        <none>              77af4d6b9913e693e8d0b4b294fa62ade6054e6b2f1ffb617ac955dd63fb0182   19 hours ago        1.089 GB
committest                    latest              b6fa739cedf5ea12a620a439402b6004d057da800f91c7524b5086a5e4749c9f   19 hours ago        1.089 GB
<none>                        <none>              78a85c484f71509adeaace20e72e941f6bdd2b25b4c75da8693efd9f61a37921   19 hours ago        1.089 GB
docker                        latest              30557a29d5abc51e5f1d5b472e79b7e296f595abcf19fe6b9199dbbc809c6ff4   20 hours ago        1.089 GB
<none>                        <none>              0124422dd9f9cf7ef15c0617cda3931ee68346455441d66ab8bdc5b05e9fdce5   20 hours ago        1.089 GB
<none>                        <none>              18ad6fad340262ac2a636efd98a6d1f0ea775ae3d45240d3418466495a19a81b   22 hours ago        1.082 GB
<none>                        <none>              f9f1e26352f0a3ba6a0ff68167559f64f3e21ff7ada60366e2d44a04befd1d3a   23 hours ago        1.089 GB
tryout                        latest              2629d1fa0b81b222fca63371ca16cbf6a0772d07759ff80e8d1369b926940074   23 hours ago        131.5 MB
<none>                        <none>              5ed6274db6ceb2397844896966ea239290555e74ef307030ebb01ff91b1914df   24 hours ago        1.089 GB

Listing image digests

Images that use the v2 or later format have a content-addressable identifier called a digest. As long as the input used to generate the image is unchanged, the digest value is predictable. To list image digest values, use the --digests flag:

$ docker images --digests | head
REPOSITORY                         TAG                 DIGEST                                                                    IMAGE ID            CREATED             VIRTUAL SIZE
localhost:5000/test/busybox        <none>              sha256:cbbf2f9a99b47fc460d422812b6a5adff7dfee951d8fa2e4a98caa0382cfbdbf   4986bf8c1536        9 weeks ago         2.43 MB

When pushing or pulling to a 2.0 registry, the push or pull command output includes the image digest. You can pull using a digest value. You can also reference by digest in create, run, and rmi commands, as well as the FROM image reference in a Dockerfile.

Filtering

The filtering flag (-f or --filter) format is of "key=value". If there is more than one filter, then pass multiple flags (e.g., --filter "foo=bar" --filter "bif=baz")

The currently supported filters are:

Untagged images

$ docker images --filter "dangling=true"

REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             VIRTUAL SIZE
<none>              <none>              8abc22fbb042        4 weeks ago         0 B
<none>              <none>              48e5f45168b9        4 weeks ago         2.489 MB
<none>              <none>              bf747efa0e2f        4 weeks ago         0 B
<none>              <none>              980fe10e5736        12 weeks ago        101.4 MB
<none>              <none>              dea752e4e117        12 weeks ago        101.4 MB
<none>              <none>              511136ea3c5a        8 months ago        0 B

This will display untagged images, that are the leaves of the images tree (not intermediary layers). These images occur when a new build of an image takes the repo:tag away from the image ID, leaving it untagged. A warning will be issued if trying to remove an image when a container is presently using it. By having this flag it allows for batch cleanup.

Ready for use by docker rmi ..., like:

$ docker rmi $(docker images -f "dangling=true" -q)

8abc22fbb042
48e5f45168b9
bf747efa0e2f
980fe10e5736
dea752e4e117
511136ea3c5a

NOTE: Docker will warn you if any containers exist that are using these untagged images.

Divergence

There is no known divergence between the Triton SDC Docker and Docker Inc. implementations of this method. Please contact Joyent support or file a ticket if you discover any.